A handout image released by the official Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) shows Syrian armed forces chief of staff Ali Abdallah Ayoub announcing the start of a major offensive by the Syrian army against anti-regime rebels, AFP PHOTO / HO / SANA

Russia and Syria increase offensive

Russia has dramatically escalated its air war in Syria, unleashing heavy bombardments and cruise missile strikes from the Caspian Sea as cover for a major Syrian army ground offensive.

Russian President Vladimir Putin says Moscow has begun synchronising its strikes with the army’s ground movements against rebels, as the Kremlin voiced willingness to make contact with Western-backed fighters that Washington and its allies accuse it of targeting.

Putin, who turned 63 on Wednesday, says Russian warships fired cruise missiles on Islamic State group positions in Syria for the first time.

A video map released by Russia’s defence ministry showed the missiles launched from warships in the southern Caspian Sea and flying close to 1,500 kilometres through Iranian and Iraqi airspace before hitting targets in Syria.

A Syrian military source told AFP government troops had begun a broad ground operation near the village of Latmeen in Hama province, aided by Russian air cover.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported at least 40 Russian air strikes in Hama and neighbouring Idlib province, which is controlled by the powerful Army of Conquest alliance that includes Al-Qaeda affiliate Al-Nusra Front.

The alliance has sought to expand into Hama from Idlib and seize high ground to target the neighbouring regime stronghold of Latakia province.

The Britain-based Observatory said “many raids, believed to be from Russian warplanes, killed six people” including two children in Maraat al-Numan in Idlib.

A military source in Hama told AFP that “the Syrian army in its latest operations is working on cutting off the southern parts of Idlib province from the northern parts of Hama province”.

He added that the operations were also intended to begin securing the major highway between Aleppo and Damascus.

Putin says Russian strikes will “be synchronised with the actions of the Syrian army on the ground” to support the regime’s offensive operations.

AFP has concluded after a careful reading of Russia’s video map that at least one cruise missile struck near the IS-held city of Al-Bab in Aleppo province, while several others appeared to head towards targets in Idlib.

Russia says its forces have hit 112 targets since its operations in Syria – which it insists target IS and other “terrorist groups” – began on September 30.

But Syrian rebels and their backers say a range of opposition fighters, not just jihadists, have been hit.

In Washington, State Department spokesman John Kirby said greater than 90 per cent of the (Russian) strikes have not been against IS or al-Qaeda-affiliated terrorists.

“They’ve been largely against opposition groups that want a better future for Syria and don’t want to see the Assad regime stay in power,” Kirby said.

Adding to growing concern in the West about Russia’s motives and actions in Syria, Turkey’s Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu alleged that just two out of 57 Russian strikes examined by Turkish intelligence had hit IS.

The Russian campaign has particularly raised hackles in Ankara, which accuses Moscow of violating its airspace from Syria on at least two occasions over the weekend.

It also reported a violation by a MIG-29 jet of unknown nationality on Monday.

Meanwhile, French President Francois Hollande warned that failure to act in Syria risked “total war” in the Middle East.

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